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2018年翻译资格考试《二级笔译综合能力》历年真题(上半年)
  • 年份:2018年
  • 类型:历年真题
  • 总分:100.00分
  • 时长:120分钟
  • 题量:110
  • 做题人数:26人
题型介绍
Section 1(Part 1 Vocabulary Selection)(In this part, there are 20 incomplete sentences.Below each sentence, there are 4 choices marked by letters A, B, C and D respectively.Choose the word which best completes each sentence.There is only ONE right answer.Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET
  • I______with rage at his offensive remarks, finding it meaningless to argue with such a rude man.

    A.quivered

    B.quenched

    C.quipped

    D.quelled

    【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

Section 1(Part 2 Vocabulary Replacement)(This part consists of 20 sentences.In each of them one word is underlined,and below each sentence, there are 4 choices marked by letters A, B,C and D respectively.Choose the word that can replace the underlined part without causing any grammatical error or changing the basic meaning of the sentence.There is only ONE right answer.Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
  • Rumors of the presidential candidate's past transgressions have begun to spring up.

    A.suspense

    B.scandals

    C.expenses

    D.sandals

    【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

Section 1(Part 3 Error Correction)(This part consists of 20 sentences.In each of them there is an underlined part that indicates a grammatical error,and below each,there are 4 choices marked by letters A, B,C and D respectively.Choose the word or phrase that can replace the underlined part so that the error is corrected.There is only ONE right answer.Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
  • Some people find extremely difficult to get up early in the morning and do not seem able to get going very well until afternoon.

    A.find extremely difficult getting up early

    B.find to get up early is extremely difficult

    C.find it extremely difficult getting up early

    D.find it extremely difficult to get up early

    【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

Section 2 Reading Comprehension(In this section you will find after each of the passages a number of questions or unfinished statements about the passage, each with 4 (A, B, C and D) choices to answer the question or complete the statement You must choose the one which you think fits best Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
  • Often conjuring images of dank, smelly, mosquito-infested wastelands, upon closer look, wetlands are actually biologically diverse and productive ecosystems. Home to a variety of plant life, including floating pond lilies, cattails, cypress, tamarack, and blue spruce, wetlands support diverse communities of invertebrates, which in turn support a wide variety of birds and other vertebrates. Primary consumers from crustaceans, mollusks, and aquatic insect larvae to muskrats, geese, and deer rely on the abundance of algae, plants, and detritus for food. Wetlands also support a variety of carnivores, including dragonflies, otters,alligators, and osprey. Thus, wetlands of the world maintain biologically diverse communities of ecological and economic value.
    Many ecologically and economically important species call wetlands home for at least part of their lives. For instance, commercially important fish and shellfish, including shrimp,blue crab, oysters, salmon, trout, and seatrout rely on, or are associated with, wetlands.Wetlands are also critical habitat for migratory birds and waterfowl, including ducks, egrets,and geese. In fact, more than one-third of the species listed as threatened or endangered in the United States live solely in wetlands and nearly half use wetlands at some point in their lives. As such, many wetlands are often recognized as important conservation or restoration targets.
    While covering only six percent of the Earth's surface, wetlands provide a disproportionately high number of ecosystem services, in addition to maintaining biodiversity. For instance, wetlands also mitigate floods, protect coastal areas from storms,improve water quality, recharge groundwater aquifers, serve as sinks, sources, or transformers of materials, and produce food and goods for human use. When evaluating the economic value of these various functions, scientists concluded that the economic value provided by wetland ecosystems exceeded that provided by lakes, streams, forests, and grasslands and was second only to that provided by coastal estuaries.
    With mitigation, wetlands are created, restored, or enhanced to replace wetland loss due to development. The Ramsar Convention, an international treaty aimed at conserving wetlands, requires member countries to develop national wetland policies, to establish wetland reserves, and to designate one or more wetlands as an area of international importance. All these efforts are designed to protect or conserve wetlands and the ecosystem services they provide.
    In coastal wetlands, tidal influence drives the movement and distribution of water and can range from permanent flooding in subtidal wetlands to less frequent flooding in others, with changes in water level occurring daily or semi-daily. Inland wetlands, which lack daily tidal influences, can also be permanently flooded on one extreme or intermittently flooded on the other extreme, with fluctuations over time often occurring seasonally. It is the balance of water inflows and outflows, or the water budget, as well as the geomorphology and soils that determine the timing,duration, and patterns of flooding in a wetland.

    【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

Section 3 Cloze Test(In the following passage, there are 20 blanks representing words that are missing from the context.Below the passage,each blank has 4 choices marked by letters A, B, C and D respectively.There is only ONE right answer.Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
  • Sir Martin Sorrell, the chief executive of the advertising conglomerate WPP, was at Kensington Wade, Britain's first primary school to offer full Chinese immersion for its pupils, on a recent evening, for a reception to celebrate the Chinese mid-autumn festival.
    Sir Martin offered___(91) to the parents that the £ 17,000-a-year tuition they had paid for at the newly-opened school was money well___(92).
    For those parents___(93) to start their children early, there is Hatching Dragons,the UK's first Chinese-English nursery. It___(94) to "foster fluency" in both languages by age five.
    “I’ve got enough___(95) that if a child joins us at six months and stays until they are five, 50 hours a week, they will be orally fluent,” said Cennydd John, who___(96) Hatching Dragons in 2015, after the birth of his son. "If you___(97) him," says Mr.John, "you can go and check his YouTube videos."
    "Chinese is the___(98) language because China is rising as a political and economic power,” said Antonella Sorace, a linguistics professor. "It’s regarded as a good___(99)”.
    Kensington Wade is named___(100) Sir Thomas Wade, a 19th century British diplomat who produced one of the first English-Chinese textbooks. Its___(101) class of 15 students arrived last month. Three were fluent Mandarin speakers___(102) about half knew no Chinese.
    Its two classrooms, in an existing academy, are______(103), with toys and early reading books. On closer___(104), it becomes apparent that one is entirely in English and the other in Chinese. One teacher is British, and the other Chinese. The children move between them and their___(105) worlds during the day. The hope is that by age 11, when they graduate, they will be fluent in both.
    Kensington Wade also aims to______(106) two teaching styles. It upholds the renowned "Shanghai model" of math with the creativity and critical thinking___(107) in a British education.
    The benefits of bilingual education are alluring,___(108) greater cultural empathy and cognitive flexibility. Then there is the question of______(109) children view the language as being useful.
    In April, Jo Wallace, Kensington Wade’s head-teacher, visited three schools in the San Francisco area that have been offering immersive English-Chinese___(110),one for more than 30 years.
    “I went with the worry that these little kids were going to be confused, that they’d be stressed. And all I saw was children having a lovely time,” she recalled, although she acknowledged that some parents would have to “hold their nerve” in the early days


    【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

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