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二级翻译英语笔译实务

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2022年翻译资格考试《二级笔译实务》模拟试卷(二)
  • 年份:2022年
  • 类型:模拟试题
  • 总分:100分
  • 时长:180分钟
  • 题量:4
  • 做题人数:2人
题型介绍
Section 1 English-Chinese Translation(Translate the following passage into Chinese.
  • Maya: Away from Crowds
    Central America is home to many secret treasures for tourists who like to avoid the crowds, including numerous ancient Maya settlements.
    The seven countries of Central America—Guatemala, Panama, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica—are full of natural beauty and cultural treasures. Many of the region’s nature reserves, ancient Maya settlements and colonial cities have been declared world cultural heritage sites by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
    There are lots of volcanoes and an exotic animal kingdom to explore, yet few people outside the region know of them. The view into the crater of the Masaya Volcano in Nicaragua is a breathtaking experience, enlivened by the accompanying strong smell of sulphur and the loud screaming of parrots. Yet the car park on the edge of the crater is nearly empty. This is a boon for daring travelers who can enjoy all the beauty without having to share it with hordes of others visitors.
    El Salvador has a “road of flowers” and Nicaragua has a “road of white villages” connecting villages from the colonial period. Honduras is developing a means of connecting the native American communities in the Atlantic coast from the Garifuna, descendents of the Carribean Indians and Africans, to the Miskito Indians in the jungle.
    Geological enthusiasts could also follow a volcanic trail through Central America. There are many volcanoes in just a small area, some with perfectly cone-shaped peaks constantly emitting smoke from their craters. Some of them are partially accessible.
    A bus travels to the edge of the Masaya craters in Nicaragua, an active volcano just 500 meters high. For safety reasons, every traveler should get local information from the local tourism authority before climbing a volcano.
    The Arenal Volcano in northern Costa Rica terrified local inhabitants and tourists in August 2000 when it spouted hot gas and ash.
    Individual travelers can easily find travel information. The long distance buses that connect all the countries in the region are very comfortable with air conditioning and TV.
    And if you travel through the villages in small, local rundown buses, you will swiftly come into close contact with local inhabitants and their animals. You are just as likely to have a hen thrust into your lap as a small child.

    【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

Section 2 Chinese-English Translation(Translate the following passage into English.
  • 美国经济
    虽然美国经济在过去几年中已实现了转型,但某些问题自美国建国之初以来一直持续至今,依然悬而未决。其中之一便是围绕着政府在一个基本上属于市场性质的经济中的恰当角色所展开的持久争论。以自由企业为基础的经济体制,其普遍特征便是私有制和个人创新精神,政府介入应相对微弱。然而,人们发现,政府的干预时不时地也是必要的,以确保经济机会人人均等,能为全部民众所获得,并防范肆无忌惮的权力滥用,平抑通货膨胀,刺激经济增长。
    自殖民地时期以来,美国政府或多或少地参与到经济决策中来。例如,联邦政府曾在基础设施方面进行过巨额投资,它也提供了私营业主们没有能力或不愿意提供的社会福利项目。在过去数十年中,政府也以无数的方式支持并促进农业发展。

    【正确答案-参考解析】:参加考试可见

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